Conflicts, Intra-Elite or Civil-Military: A Tract in the Politics of Deception

Note: I completed this paper in August 2017 and last revised it in October. Throughout this period, I tried to get it published somewhere but as usual and as always failed. After analyzing why the Theories of Intra-Elite and Civil-Military Conflicts are unviable, I have formulated a Theory of Constitutional Responsibility that prospectively shows a way forward out of the chronic political crisis that the state of Pakistan is mired in. 

Download the paper in PDF

Normal is an illusion. What is normal for the spider is chaos for the fly.
Charles Addams (Cartoonist, horror-novelist 1912-88)

On June 17 (2017), …

Continue Reading →

Article 184 – interpreting it paradoxically

As far as the interpretation of the article 184 is concerned, common-sense understanding is altogether different. It has three clauses that form the whole of this article. Its title is: The Original Jurisdiction of Supreme Court.

The first clause states: (1) The Supreme Court shall, to the exclusion of every other court, have original jurisdiction in any dispute between any two or more governments.

The second clause states: (2) In the exercise of the jurisdiction conferred on it by clause (1), the Supreme Court shall pronounce declaratory judgments only.

The third and the last clause states: (3) Without prejudice to …

Continue Reading →