The Rise of State Aristocracy in Pakistan

This February Alternate Solutions Institute released my first Urdu book, The Rise of State Aristocracy in Pakistan (Pakistan Mein Riyasti Ashrafiya Ka Urooj). Here is a brief statement of what the book tries to discuss and formulate:
—–
Last year, Alternate Solutions Institute wanted to hold a series of seminars on the theme: Ashrafiya Ka Naheen, Sab Ka Paksitan (Not For Ashrafiya, Pakistan For Everyone).
So I thought of writing a 2-3 page explanation of the slogan. But the paper kept on expanding, and I let it, and tried to state the argument with as much detail as I could.

Continue Reading →

First things first

That rulers and ruled are different.
That means governments and their citizens are different.
That means ruling elites and the ordinary citizens are different.
That persons are good or bad by nature is irrelevant to Political Philosophy, or I think should be irrelevant to it; though it may have academic significance or relevance to other sciences.
That persons usually change as the circumstances incentivize or allow them to.
That means Pakistanis, or others in the “underdeveloped” and the “developed” world, are not bad by nature, and may change with time.
That they are all, the same human beings who

Continue Reading →